Overcoming Addiction – There Is A Way
What is Benzodiazepine?
Benzodiazepine is a prescription medication that is highly addictive. It falls within the class of drugs known as depressants or tranquilizers and is commonly used to treat anxiety, insomnia, and seizures. Examples of this drug are alprazolam, estazolam, and clonazepam.
Effects of Benzodiazepine on the Brain
When treating patients for anxiety or insomnia, the medication targets the Central Nervous System (CNS) and takes effect by slowing brain functions. It calms or sedates the nerves and reduces regular anxiety. But even when used as prescribed, long-term use of the drug can build up tolerance and lead to overuse or addiction.
Misuse or Abuse of Benzodiazepine
Benzodiazepine often ends up being misused or abused by the patient or someone in the patient’s home, thus increasing the risk of dependency or addiction. The risk of getting “hooked” is higher in drugs users who seek and use benzodiazepines illegally. Street names for the drug are “benzos,” “sleeping pills,” and “candy.” When used with alcohol or illicit drugs, such as heroin or cocaine, the chance of overdose increases.
Symptoms of Benzodiazepine Addiction
People addicted to benzodiazepine will compulsively seek the drug and disregard the harm it causes to their physical and mental health. Other symptoms associated with addiction to the antidepressant are:
• Taking more of the drugs than recommended
• Strong cravings leading to non-prescription use
• Crushing and snorting the drug
• Dissolving the tablet or capsule powder to inject into a vein
• Finishing prescription ahead of time
• Signs of withdrawal when they don’t get the drug (e.g., restlessness, nausea, anxiety)
• Behavior changes such as aggressiveness, hostility or mood swings
• Falsifying prescription or lying to get the drug
Reducing the Risk of Addiction
Avoiding the use of benzodiazepines altogether is the safest way to reduce addiction. If use cannot be avoided, taking these steps can help reduce the chance of addiction:
• Use the medication as prescribed
• Stop using the drug when directed to
• Do not use medication prescribed to someone else
• Immediately discard unused benzodiazepines
• While taking benzodiazepines, avoid using alcohol or street drugs, e.g., cocaine
• Do not crush and use the tablet in any form, e.g, snort
Where to Get Help
Getting off benzodiazepines is difficult for many people who are addicted to these drugs. There are addiction treatment centers across the US that diagnose, treat, and help persons recover. Additionally, SAMHSA’s National Helpline, 1-800-662-HELP (4357) offers treatment referral services to those needing help.
Alcohol, like any good cheat, first nails naive ones, offering them relaxation, good mood, giving false strength and self-confidence, and then like the devil himself, as a tribute, takes the soul of man. Alcoholism belongs to the group of addiction diseases. This is not just a bad habit someone has, like people often think; this is the real disease that needs to be treated. If we are talking about some people suffering from it, the alcoholic disease is ranked third, behind cardiovascular diseases and tumors. There are four criteria for recognizing whether someone became an alcoholic or not. If a person has more than one criteria fulfilled, that person is already in a deep dependence of alcohol.
Loss of control
This means that a person can’t stop on the first glass, he/she just need more to achieve a specific feeling, or they just drink until they get drunk. It is also called “the phenomenon of the first time,” since the person cannot drink for days, but when he/she does they lose the control of further alcohol consumption for that evening.
Impossibility of abstinence
Abstinence means that you are not taking alcohol at all for a long period. The people who meet this criterium are in the beginning drinking only once a month. But as the time passes, those periods get more and more shortened until, in the end, the abstinence period becomes just a few days long, or not even that much. If they do not drink, they get so-called “abstinence syndrome” – a very unpleasant situation, followed by an overwhelming need for a drink, nervousness, irritability, shaking (characteristic shaking of hands) or sweating. This syndrome is a sure sign of physical dependence on alcohol. It occurs mainly in the morning due to a drop of alcohol levels in blood and can be interrupted by the introduction of new amounts of alcohol, or, as during the treatment, by taking certain medication to calm.
It’s very common for alcoholics that they simply can not remember what they did in an alcoholic state, for example, how and with whom they spent time, how they returned home, and so on. This is a very serious state, and it is very dangerous.
Often, alcoholics wanting to prove they are not alcoholics, they say that even if they regularly drink, they are almost never drunk, but they do not realize that this is one of the basic criteria that speak in favor of the disease. But, in the final stages of this disease, after years of having a high tolerance, it will happen that alcoholic will become drunk with less and less alcoholic intake. At the end of their lives they will be showing signs of drunkenness just after 1 – 3 glasses This is a sign of severe damage to the entire organism, especially the brain, and at this stage, there is a large number of health consequences.
No one can’t deny that alcohol in small quantities causes a pleasant experience. However, alcoholics are people who can not control the amount and method of taking alcohol, even if they drink at low doses. A person who once develops alcohol dependence can never regain lost control or drink in a moderate, socially acceptable way. Very often, genuinely want to fulfill the promises given to themselves and the family, whether it is that they will stop drinking, or reduce the number of beverages. They try to resist, but they follow a punishment in the form of tormented abstinence syndrome.
Implications for physical health
Alcohol goes up to every part of our body. While consumed moderately and occasionally, the liver quickly processes it, easily excreted it from the body. The alcoholics are different. In them, due to their regular intake and high levels of alcohol, the liver is not able to completely process it, and alcohol and its products are a poison in the body. So it damages all organs in the body. The first organ to suffer is liver. The damage can form a mild over-enlarged and fatty liver easily move to cirrhosis – incurable and deadly illness. Due to the persistent irritating effect of alcohol on the mucous membrane of the stomach, an ulcer may arise which can break through the stomach wall or develop a tumor on the ground.
A very common consequence is inflammation of the pancreas. Which is accompanied by unbearable pain and high mortality, and as a consequence, a diabetes mellitus can develop, which in itself creates new problems. Most alcoholics also suffer from high blood pressure, while some people also experience relaxation and weakening of the heart muscle. The most sensitive to the effects of alcohol are nerves. Due to alcoholic damage to the nerves, blindness, impotence, pain, and tenderness can develop. The list of diseases, unfortunately, does not stop at this. Simply, there is almost no part of the body where alcohol does not affect.
Often the motive of alcoholics for coming to treatment is fear of losing the job. Research shows that an alcoholic has a clear decline in productivity. The average work experience of alcoholics is 16 to 20 years. When there is no tolerance for this behavior at work, the alcoholic is forced to come to treatment earlier, and therefore the results of the treatment are more successful.
Do you, while drinking, do it by wanting to become alcoholics? Hardly anyone will answer this question affirmatively, even the alcoholics themselves. And indeed, if they think about their first contacts with alcohol, none of them wanted nor could they imagine becoming an alcoholic. They believed in a well-known misconception that it can not happen to them and that they are stronger than alcohol. Unfortunately, they underestimated the opponent.
The alcoholism goes slowly and seamlessly. First, alcohol is consumed at so-called. “socially permissible” way, which means occasionally 1-2 glasses of alcoholic beverages. Initially, alcohol consumption is aimed at achieving a pleasant mood; it is used by tense people who are in need for relaxation, in puberty it is used to prove yourself, gaining false power and self-confidence. According to our customs – weddings, parties, birthdays, funerals, everything is followed by excessive consumption of alcohol and rarely who sees something bad in it. The story, unfortunately, does not go on in such a happy tone.
Alcohol, like any other drug, causes the increase in tolerance among people who often consume it. This means that it is necessary to constantly increase the amount of alcohol intake to achieve the desired effect. Thus, seamlessly, arriving “pleasant mood,” we increase the amount of alcohol consumed. At one point – without any notice, a person becomes addicted to alcohol and no longer drinks from pleasure alone, but just because he/she have to.
Can alcoholism be won?
Alcoholism is a disease that is regularly being treated. There is nothing to be unsure about; it is quite normal to seek help when you are in need of it, or even when you think nothing is wrong but your life is just not fitting you quite right. This means that it is possible to help an alcoholic and his family to get out of this vicious circle. The steady life is possible for anyone, and everyone has strength in them, it is just that sometimes people need help recognizing where their true strength is, and how to use it.